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Eramet: Record year with EBITDA above €1.5bn and very strong deleveraging

Eramet SA
Eramet SA

Paris, 22 February 2023, 6:30 p.m.

PRESS RELEASE

Eramet: Record year with EBITDA above €1.5bn and very strong deleveraging

  • EBITDA1 at €1.5bn and Adjusted EBITDA1,2 at €1.9bn (+58%), including the proportional contribution of Weda Bay:

    • Intrinsic performance of €180m, driven by strong growth in volumes in Gabon and Indonesia: 7.5 Mt (+7%) of manganese ore in Moanda, 21.1 Mwmt (x 2) of nickel ore in Weda Bay

    • High price levels in H1 for all of the Group’s markets, combined with a favourable €/$ currency effect

    • New record year for manganese alloys in a very favourable price environment in H1 and with a good control of rising energy and reductant costs

    • Record increase in Free Cash-Flow (FCF) to €824m (+57%) and continued Group deleveraging with net debt of €344m and leverage of 0.2x

  • Net income, Group share at €740m

  • Significant progress in CSR, particularly regarding climate, biodiversity and safety, with one of the lowest accident rates in the sector

  • Finalisation of Eramet’s repositioning, with the planned completion at end-March of the divestment of Aubert & Duval and the receipt of an exclusive put option agreement for Erasteel

  • Solid fundamentals enabling to accelerate on growth projects in metals for the energy transition: lithium, nickel-cobalt and longer-term, battery recycling

  • Proposal of a dividend of €3.5 per share (+40%), in line with the Group’s capital allocation policy which priorities deleveraging and growth projects

  • 2023 outlook which is in line with a less buoyant and inflationary macroeconomic context:

    • Ore volumes up: more than 30 Mwmt of nickel ore in Indonesia and more than 7.5 Mt of manganese ore in Gabon

    • Average prices expected to decline compared to 2022, notably for manganese alloys

    • Energy and reductant costs to remain at a high level

      • Group adjusted EBITDA expected at around €1.2bn in 2023, including the proportional

ANNUNCIO PUBBLICITARIO

contribution of Weda Bay

Christel Bories, Group Chair and CEO:

  • Eramet achieved a record year in 2022, with further increases in our mining productions. The price environment was very favourable in the first half, before a strong slowdown in the second, in a context of inflation and significantly rising energy prices. The year ended also marks the finalisation of our strategic repositioning and the acceleration of our deleveraging.

Eramet now has solid operating assets and the financial resources required to develop its ambitious and promising projects, whether in lithium in Argentina and France, nickel-cobalt in Indonesia, or battery recycling in France. These medium-term strong growth projects position us as a leading player in mining and metals for the energy transition.

In 2023, in an uncertain economic environment, we remain focused on the strict control of our cash, delivering excellence in our operational management and making good progress in our priority projects.

Driven by the commitment of our employees worldwide, we are firmly focused on responsible mining and our ambition is to provide efficient and sustainable solutions to meet the essential challenges of economic development and the energy transition.

  • CSR commitments

The Group continued to successfully implement its CSR Roadmap 2018-2023, ahead of its targets, with further progress in 2022 (see Appendix 7) resulting in a performance rate of 115% compared to the target:

  • Safety is constantly improving with a 27% decline in the number of accidents versus 2021. The TRIR3 was 1.6 for the Group and 1.1 for continuing operations, achieving one of the lowest rates in the Mining and Metals industry (Safety Performance Report 2021, ICMM, July 2022).

  • A 40% reduction in the Group's carbon intensity since 2018, significantly exceeding the 2023 target initially set for a 26% reduction.

  • Continued actions to promote biodiversity:

    • GCO returned 85 hectares of land to the Senegalese government, which was rehabilitated and replanted with species chosen by local communities,

    • Eramet rehabilitated 17 hectares in Gabon thanks to an innovative drone seed planting initiative, in collaboration with the start-up Morfo.

The Group continued to implement the Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance (IRMA) standard in its activities, conducting two self-assessments in 2022: the Lithium project in Argentina and the mineral sands site in Senegal.

Our CSR progress was again recognised in 2022 by extra-financial rating agencies. The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) upgraded the Group's Climate Change rating from B to A-, ranking Eramet among the best in the industry.

In addition, the Group received a B- score as part of CDP’s Water Security ratings for its first participation in the assessment. This score reflects the efforts made at its industrial and mining sites and, more specifically, its commitment to the responsible management of the aquatic environment and to the management of runoff water in operational and rehabilitated areas.

Moreover, in 2022, Eramet updated its materiality matrix of extra-financial risks, in collaboration with more than 600 internal and external stakeholders. The results of this consultation, published in the 2022 Universal Registration Document, will be used to update the Group's CSR objectives.

Eramet’s Board of Directors met on 22 February 2023, chaired by Christel Bories, and approved the financial statements for the 2022 financial year4 which will be submitted for approval at the Shareholders’ General Meeting on 23 May 2023.

  • Eramet group key figures (in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard)

(Millions of euros)1

20222

20212

Chg. (€m)

Chg.3 (%)

Turnover

5,014

3,668

+1,346

+37%

Adjusted EBITDA4

1,897

1,204

+693

+58%

EBITDA

1,553

1,051

+502

+48%

Current operating income (COI)

1,280

784

+496

+63%

Net income from continuing operations

930

791

+139

+18%

Net income from discontinued operations

(156)

(426)

+270

n.a.

Net income, Group share

740

298

+442

+148%

 

 

 

 

 

Group Free Cash-Flow (continuing operations)

824

526

+298

+57%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31/12/223

31/12/213

Chg. (€m)

Chg.2 (%)

Net debt (Net cash)

344

936

-592

-63%

Shareholders' equity

2,245

1,335

+910

+68%

Adjusted leverage (Net debt-to-adjusted EBITDA ratio)

0.2

0.8

-0.6 pts

n.a.

Leverage (Net debt-to-EBITDA ratio)

0.2

0.9

-0.7 pts

n.a.

Gearing (Net debt-to-Shareholders’ equity ratio)

15%

70%

-55 pts

n.a.

Gearing within the meaning of bank
covenants5

2%

51%

-49 pts

n.a.

ROCE (COI/capital employed6 for previous year)

51%

30%

+21pts

n.a.

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel, which in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.
3 Data rounded to higher or lower %.
4 Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted leverage are defined in the financial glossary in Appendix 9.
5 Net debt-to-Shareholders’ equity ratio, excluding IFRS 16 impact and French state loan to SLN.
6 Total shareholders' equity, net debt, site restoration provisions, restructuring and other social risks, less long-term investments, excluding Weda Bay Nickel capital employed.

N.B. 1: all the commented figures for FY 2022 and FY 2021 correspond to figures in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard as presented in the Group’s consolidated financial statements, unless otherwise specified.

N.B. 2: all the commented changes in FY 2022 are with respect to FY 2021, unless otherwise specified. “H1” corresponds to the first half of the year, “H2” to the second half and “Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4” to the quarters.

The Group’s turnover amounted to €5,014m in 2022, up significantly by 37% (+25% at constant exchange rates5). This growth was driven by a very favourable price and currency environment, mainly in H1, as well as excellent operational performance in the manganese ore business (+13% in volumes sold).

Group EBITDA totalled €1,553m.

Adjusted EBITDA1,2 (including the proportional contribution of Weda Bay) amounted to €1,897m, a very strong increase (+58% vs. 2021), notably reflecting:

  • The positive impact of external factors of around €530m, including a very favourable price effect (€960m, of which nearly half linked to manganese alloys) as well as a favourable currency effect (around €230m) partly offset, among other factors, by the strong increase in input costs (around €450m, mainly reductants and energy);

  • A positive intrinsic performance of €180m for activities in the new scope, mainly reflecting the growth in nickel ore volumes sold in Weda Bay (around €160m) and manganese ore sales (around €90m) despite an increase in fixed costs to support the growth in volumes (around €50m) and the difficulties at SLN (around €30m).

Net loss for discontinued operations amounted to -€156m, mainly reflecting the asset impairment booked for Erasteel (-€126m).

Net income, Group share for the year was €740m. It also includes the share of income in Weda Bay (€258m) as well as the asset impairment related to SLN (-€124m, Group share).

Capex accounted for €588m, excluding operations in the process of being sold (€62m), and €436m excluding capex linked to the Lithium project (€152m), entirely financed by Tsingshan via a capital increase of the Argentine subsidiary. It includes €200m in organic growth capex, mainly in Gabon (€168m). Current capex increased, amounting to €236m in 2022.

Free Cash-Flow (“FCF”) totalled €824m, including a contribution from Weda Bay of €237m.

Net debt stood at €344m at 31 December 2022, a reduction of nearly €600m6 due to the Group’s strong cash generation, despite negative FCF of -€214m in discontinued operations. The change in net debt also includes dividends paid to Eramet shareholders (-€72m) and Comilog minority shareholders (-€32m) in respect of the 2021 financial year.

The leverage ratio was 0.2x, the lowest level achieved by the Group for the last ten years.

Moreover, a proposal to pay out a dividend of €3.5 per share in respect of the 2022 financial year will be made at the Shareholders’ General Meeting on 23 May 2023, representing an increase of 40%. This proposal is in line with the Group’s capital allocation policy which priorities deleveraging, to maintain leverage below 1x on average over the cycle, as well as capex in its growth projects and shareholders return.

As of 31 December 2022, Eramet’s liquidity, including undrawn credit lines, remained high at €2.6bn. In January 2023, Eramet renewed and extended the term loan for an amount of €480m with a pool of banks. The maturity date of the new loan is January 2027, with a floating rate, amortising from January 2025. The loan was drawn down for €270m mainly to refinance the outstanding amount of the former loan.

  • Key figures by activity2

(Millions of euros)1

20222

20212

Change (€m)

Change3 (%)

CONTINUING OPERATIONS

Manganese BU

Turnover

3,151

2,267

884

+39%

 

EBITDA

1,402

910

492

+54%

Manganese ore activity4,5

Turnover

1,527

1,063

464

+44%

 

EBITDA

722

387

335

+87%

Manganese alloys activity4

Turnover

1,624

1,204

420

+35%

 

EBITDA

680

522

158

+30%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nickel BU

Turnover

1,392

1,046

346

+33%

 

Adjusted EBITDA6

430

266

164

+62%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mineral Sands BU

Turnover

465

349

116

+33%

 

EBITDA

184

137

47

+34%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithium BU

Turnover

0

0

n.a.

n.a.

 

EBITDA

(12)

(5)

(7)

n.a.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

Aubert & Duval

Turnover

553

493

60

+12%

 

EBITDA

(47)

(44)

(3)

n.a.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Erasteel

Turnover

273

184

89

+48%

 

EBITDA

23

13

10

+77%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sandouville

Turnover

11

154

(143)

-93%

 

EBITDA

(2)

(27)

25

n.a.

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel, which in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.
3 Data rounded to higher or lower %.
4 See financial glossary in Appendix 9.
5 Turnover linked to external sales of manganese ore only, including €64m linked to Setrag transport activity other than Comilog's ore (vs. €82m in 2021).
6 Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted leverage are defined in the financial glossary in Appendix 9.

  • Continuing operations

Manganese BU

In 2022, in Gabon, Moanda confirmed its status as the world’s leading manganese mine with production that almost doubled in the last five years and a positioning in the first quartile of the cash cost curve.

The Manganese BU posted a very strong increase in EBITDA to €1,402m (+54%).

EBITDA for the manganese ore activity was up very significantly to €722m7 (+87%), reflecting the growth in volumes sold externally (+13%) in a favourable price and currency environment.

EBITDA for the alloys activity posted a new record at €680m (+30%). This strong increase was driven by the very strong increase in selling prices in H1, partially offset by significantly rising energy and coke prices; volumes sold declined by 3% with a less favourable product mix.

Market trends8 & prices9

Global production of carbon steel, the main end-product for manganese, was down by more than 4% in 2022 to 1,855 Mt.

Production in China, which accounts for more than 50% of global production, declined by 2% due to the health situation and the slowdown in the construction sector. Production also declined in the rest of the world (-7%), notably in North America (-7%) and Europe (-10%), where inflation and the energy crisis led to production cuts. Among the major markets, only India increased production (+6%).

As a result, annual manganese ore consumption decreased by 3% to 20.8 Mt in 2022. Conversely, global ore production increased by 2% to 21.1 Mt. The production increases in Gabon (+15%) and South Africa (+7%) more than offset the decline in production in Brazil (-37%) and the decline in Australia (-7%).

In this context, the surplus supply increased slightly, and Chinese port ore inventories stood at 6.1 Mt at year-end, an increase compared to 2021.

The average CIF China 44% manganese ore price index stood at $6.0/dmtu in 2022, up 13% on a full-year basis. The price was strongly driven up in H1 with an anticipated recovery in the Chinese economy, reflected at the same time in a historically high price differential between high-grade ore (44%), which is coveted for its better energy performance, and lower grade South African ore (37%). The price then contracted in H2, reflecting a return to a market in significant surplus.

The price index (CRU) for refined alloys in Europe (MC Ferromanganese) was up 11% on a full-year basis, with a 5% increase for standard alloys (Silicomanganese). Conversely, these indices declined by 34% and 31% respectively in H2 compared to H1. Faced with uncertainty weighing on demand, steelmakers reduced their production in H2 and reduced their contractual commitments to volume floor levels.

Activities

In Gabon, the manganese ore production target of 7.5 Mt was reached thanks to the mine expansion programme combined with continuous operational improvement.

The improvement in Setrag’s logistical performance enabled the achievement of nearly 7.2 Mt in transported and shipped ore volumes (+10% vs. 2021). However, the transport of ore was penalised at end-December by the suspension of rail traffic following a landslide.

Factoring in the consumption of the Group’s alloys plants during the year, external sale volumes stood at 6.5 Mt in 2022 (+13%).

The FOB cash cost10 of manganese ore activity was $2.3/dmtu (+$0.1/dmtu vs. 2021). Favourable effects linked to growth in volumes and currency were offset by the increase in sales taxes11 and fixed costs to support the ramp-up in production.

Sea transport costs per tonne decreased to $1.1/dmtu with freight prices remaining stable on average in 2022 and gains made from the optimised transport solution deployed at the beginning of the year.

Manganese alloys production volumes declined by 9% to 677 kt, reflecting the optimisation of production methods in order to adapt to market conditions and to limit the impact of energy price increases (for the part of energy supply unprotected by long-term contracts). Sales were down 3% to 698 kt. Over the year, the mix remained unfavourable, with a lower share of refined alloys sold.

The manganese alloys margin significantly increased in 2022, driven by the increase in selling prices and despite the higher cost of metallurgical coke (used as a reducing agent). Conversely, it strongly declined in H2 compared to H1, reflecting the decrease in selling prices, a less favourable mix, and the increase in the cost of manganese ore consumed by the plants.

Outlook

Global carbon steel production is expected to remain limited in 2023, in a context of inflation and high energy costs. Demand from the construction sector is slowing in several regions. Only India is expected to post growth again, driven by the country's momentum.

As a result, demand for manganese ore could decline over the year, while supply capacity should continue to increase. The recent increase in the CIF China 44% price index may not continue due to excessive supply.

Demand for manganese alloys is expected to decrease very slightly, notably in Europe, while uncertainties in the automotive market, still affected by the shortage of semiconductors, should continue to weigh on refined manganese alloys. As a result, the alloys supply should continue adjusting.

In 2023, manganese alloys invoiced selling prices could stabilise to the level of end-2022/early 2023 and thus remain significantly below the average prices for 2022, notably with a very strong decline in North America.

In Gabon, following the landslide on the railway, mining activities were halted for nearly four weeks in January. Rail traffic gradually recovered at the end of the month. This recovery, combined with the continued organic growth in ore, enables to target a production of 7.5 Mt in 2023, which is stable compared to 2022, despite the loss of nearly one month of production (approximately 0.4 Mt). Transported volumes should amount to more than 7.5 Mt

The planned shutdowns as part of the multi-year furnace rehabilitation programme and the adjustment of the production to energy prices, will result in a decline in alloys production in 2023.

Nickel BU

In 2022, Weda Bay in Indonesia became the world’s leading nickel mine, with a positioning in the 1st quartile of the cash cost curve of the industry.

Adjusted EBITDA2 for the BU amounted to €430m, up 62%, including a proportional contribution from Weda Bay which more than doubled in 2022 to €344m, thanks to excellent operational performance in the mine, as well as a favourable price and currency environment.

EBITDA for SLN12 declined to €75m (-26%), reflecting the subsidiary’s persistent difficulties in a context of very bad weather conditions.

Market trends13 & prices

Global stainless steel production, which is the main end-market for nickel, was down by more than 4% to 55.2 Mt in 2022. Production in China declined by 2% on a full-year basis, despite a rebound in Q4 (+18% vs. Q3) due to the lifting of health measures. In the rest of the world, production declined by 7%, mainly owing to the energy crisis in Europe.

However, global demand for primary nickel continued to grow, increasing by 5% in 2022 to 2.9 Mt, mainly driven by strong growth in the batteries sector (+37%).

In parallel, global primary nickel production grew by more than 15% in 2022 to 3.1 Mt, supported by the NPI supply in Indonesia (+27%), as well as the strong ramp-up in new projects, notably HPAL14. Conversely, NPI production15 in China as well as traditional production were down by 5% and 4% respectively.

The nickel supply/demand balance (class I and II16) was thus in surplus in 2022. Nickel inventories at the LME and SHFE17 remained low and totalled 58 kt at year-end, considering the inventories in the developing battery sector.

In 2022, the LME price average (price of class I nickel), was $25,638/t, a strong increase versus 2021 (+39%), albeit with a significant decline in H2 (-14% vs. H1).

The average for the NPI price index18 as sold at Weda Bay was $18,808/t, up 9% on a full-year basis (-19% in H2 vs. H1).

The spot price of ferronickel as produced by SLN (class II nickel) was set at a level very significantly below the LME and approached prices for NPI (also class II nickel), notably in H2, posting an increase of 17% over the year (-23% in H2 vs. H1).

The nickel ore market remained tight over the period, factoring in a limited supply. 1.8% CIF China nickel ore prices increased on average by 10% to $116/wmt19 over the year (-14% in H2 vs. H1).

In Indonesia, the official domestic price index for high-grade nickel ore (“HPM Nickel”) averaged approximately $54/wmt20, an increase of 35% (-8% in H2).

Activities

In Indonesia, the Weda Bay mine continued its exceptional ramp-up with the sale of 21.1 Mwmt in 2022 (for 100%), of which 3.9 Mwmt in low-grade ore. This represents an increase of more than 100%.

External ore sales, at the plants on the industrial site other than the Joint Venture (JV) plant, amounted to 17.9 Mwmt, with internal consumption for nickel ferroalloys production remaining stable at 3.2 Mwmt.

Production at the plant reached 36.6 kt-Ni over the year (on a 100% basis), a decline of 6% due to operating difficulties in Q4. The volumes sold by Eramet as part of the off-take contract for production remained stable, contributing €278m to Group turnover, up 21%, in a favourable price environment.

The excellent operational performance of Weda Bay was again reflected in a substantial contribution to Group FCF over the period of €237m.

In New Caledonia, mining production amounted to 5.4 Mwmt, stable compared to 2021, reflecting persistent operating difficulties in the mines in a context of very bad weather conditions (with a rainfall volume nearly 90% higher in 2022 compared to the average of the last six years). Low-grade nickel ore exports stood at 3.0 Mwmt, stable compared to 2021.

Ferronickel production and sales were up 5% to 40.9 kt-Ni and 41.3 kt-Ni respectively. However, over the year, the operation of the Doniambo plant was strongly disrupted by ore and power supply difficulties.

Cash cost21 amounted to $8.2/lb on average in 2022, up 17%, reflecting a very strong increase in energy costs, mainly electricity and coal (which price more than doubled vs. 2021), but also fixed costs, combined with a decline in productivity. These effects were partly offset by a favourable currency and ore price impact.

As a result, SLN generated negative Free Cash-Flow in H2, with a total of -€70m at the local level for the year. A plan to reduce costs and preserve cash was introduced by the subsidiary in Q4 to address its difficulties.

Outlook

In 2023, demand for primary nickel is expected to continue growing thanks to the development of the batteries sector and the recovery of the stainless steel industry.

In parallel, primary nickel production could also increase, notably in Indonesia with the continued growth of NPI and new projects for batteries (HPAL, intermediate products and mattes).

In Indonesia, the Weda Bay mine should continue its exceptional ramp-up in 2023, with a marketable target (on a 100% basis) of more than 30 Mwmt, of which approximately 15 Mwmt in low-grade ore. The nickel ferroalloys production (on a 100% basis) is expected to total approximately 38kt-Ni.

In New Caledonia, in response to the structural difficulties of the SLN, a short term answer is being implemented to drastically reduce costs and focus efforts on production. In light of its critical financial situation, the French State granted SLN a €40m loan in early February to enable the entity to meet its short-term cash requirements. This new loan, together with the implementation of the contingency progress plan, makes it possible to avoid the risk of suspension of payments.

The Temporary Offshore Power Plant, aimed at ensuring a continued electricity supply for the Doniambo site was commissioned at full capacity in early January 2023, replacing the old plant, which will be phased out in Q1 2023.

Assuming normal functioning of operations, SLN’s nickel ore exports are expected to total around 3.5 Mwmt in 2023 with ferronickel production for the Doniambo plant above 45 kt-Ni.

Strategic growth projects

In 2022, Eramet continued, in partnership with BASF, studies related to the Sonic Bay project, the hydrometallurgical project (high pressure acid leach or HPAL18) intending to produce battery-grade nickel and cobalt intermediate products using laterite ores extracted from the Weda Bay mine, with a view to making an investment decision in H2 2023.

The start of production is currently envisaged for 2026. The latest studies have helped to specify and update the performances of the plant and planned production levels, which are expected to be around 60 kt-Ni and 6 kt-Co per year (in MHP22 content, an intermediate mixed hydroxide product).

This project would position Eramet as a participant in the electric vehicle battery chain by adding value to the ore mined at Weda Bay.

In addition, the Group continues its exploration and business development activity targeting nickel laterites, with a particular emphasis on Indonesia.

Mineral Sands BU

The Mineral Sands BU delivered a record performance with EBITDA at €184m, up more than 30%, mainly reflecting a favourable price and currency environment, and partly offset by the increase in input costs.

Market trends & prices23

Global demand for zircon remained stable in 2022, driven by the ceramics sector in H1 (approximately 50% of the end-product). However, a slowdown was observed in Q3 due to the global economic decline, impacting ceramics consumption as well as foundry and refractory activity. Parallel to this, zircon production was slightly down, with a decline of 1%. The market remained in slight deficit over the year.

Zircon market prices were well-oriented over the year and averaged $2,093/t FOB, (+40% vs. 2021), while starting a trend reversal at the end of the year.

Global demand for TiO2 pigments24 remained stable in comparison to the records achieved in 2021. This results from sustained production in TiO2 pigments25 (approximately 90% of the end-market for titanium-based products) in H1, partly offset by a decline in demand in Q4, linked to the large-scale destocking of end products. In a pressured environment in H1, the market started to decelerate in Q3 before ending the year with a surplus.

The average market price for CP titanium dioxide slag, as produced by Eramet in the ETI (Eramet Titanium & Iron's) plant in Norway, increased to $858/t in 2022 (+10%).

Activities

In Senegal, mineral sands production declined by 8% to 742 kt in 2022, due to a lower average content in the area mined compared to 2021.

Zircon production decreased by 11% to 57 kt, and sale volumes totalled 59 kt, a decline of 7%.

In Norway, CP grade titanium slag production amounted to 188 kt in 2022, down 10%, owing to the reduction of production in the second half of the year, in order to limit the impact of significantly rising energy prices for the part of supply unprotected by long-term contracts.

The optimisation of production at the plant also made it possible to limit the negative impact of the strong increase of reducing agent costs over the year (notably the cost of thermal coal which spot price more than doubled compared to 2021, despite a decline of more than 30% in Q4 22 vs. Q3 2226).

Sales volumes also decreased to 175 kt (-20%) due to extremely low inventory levels at end-2021.

Outlook

Demand for zircon is expected to slow in 2023, still with some uncertainties (logistics, energy prices in Europe, construction market in China). The market could be in slight surplus, which would result in the normalisation of prices in 2023 on the back of a record year.

Demand for titanium-based products is expected to remain constrained, leading to average price levels in 2023 that are likely to be slightly lower than those reported in 2022.

In Senegal, mineral sands production in 2023 is expected to be equivalent to that of 2022. The commissioning of the dry mining unit at end-2022 made it possible to offset the lower average content in the mined area of the deposit. This unit, as well as higher content from the deposit in 2024, will enable a significant increase in production from 2024.

In Norway, major ten-yearly maintenance works planned at the ETI plant, as well as various de-bottlenecking operations, should enable the plant’s capacity to be increased to 230 kt of slag per year from 2024 (+7%). These works, which will last two and a half months, will significantly limit production in H1. In addition, in response to high energy prices and constrained margins, the plant will continue to adapt its production to economic and market conditions, as was successfully done in 2022.

Lithium BU

Lithium carbonate prices remained at very high levels in 2022 (nearly $71,400/t LCE27 on average, x4 vs. 2021), in a context of very significant growth in demand for this critical metal for the energy transition. They currently amount to more than $70,000/t LCE27 and the long-term price forecast, based on the market consensus, is now $17,800/t LCE.

In Argentina, the construction of the Centenario lithium plant (Phase 1), launched in 2022, is continuing according to the announced schedule, with commissioning of the plant in Q1 2024 and a full ramp-up in production to 24 kt LCE28 (100% basis), in mid-2025.

Based on the market consensus price forecast, and factoring in an expected positioning in the 1st quartile of the cash cost curve of the industry, estimated EBITDA (at 100%), after ramp-up, is expected to total around $300m29 per year, with a very high Internal Rate of Return (IRR).

Capex linked to the project in 2023, estimated at around €310m, will mainly be financed by Tsingshan.

Together with its partner in Phase 1, Eramet is continuing a feasibility study into a Phase 2 expansion of the project in order to reach an annual total production capacity of around 75 kt LCE. An investment decision could be taken by the end of the year.

In France, Eramet and Électricité de Strasbourg (ÉS) announced in January 2023 their ongoing collaboration by signing an exclusive Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with a view to jointly studying the development of lithium production in the Alsace region from geothermal brines. The envisaged annual production would be approximately 10,000 tonnes of lithium carbonate and corresponds to 15 to 20% of France's lithium needs (by 2030). It could start before the end of the decade subject to a Final Investment Decision (FID), which would take place within four years.

In addition, the exploration and business development activity targeting brine-based lithium projects remains a priority for the Group.

Battery recycling in France

In France, Eramet is considering becoming a major player in recycling across Europe through its ReLieVe project in partnership with SUEZ, from the collection and dismantling of end-of-life batteries to their recovery in the form of metal salts in an almost infinite closed-loop recycling process.

The Group is therefore continuing pre-feasibility studies into the potential establishment of a battery pre-treatment production plant in collaboration with SUEZ, as well as a hydrometallurgical refinery using extraction and refining processes developed by Eramet. The potential scale of the proposed recycling facility should enable the processing of up to 50 kt of battery modules per year.

Eramet was recently awarded material financial grants of around €80m, notably by the European Union.

The Group has started the construction of a pre-industrial demonstration facility at its research and innovation centre near Paris and is currently finalising discussions to reserve a location for an initial battery recycling facility in the Dunkirk area (northern France). Activities could start by 2027, subject to a FID.

This project would position Eramet upstream and downstream of the electric vehicle battery chain.

  • Discontinued Operations

In accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, the Aubert & Duval, Erasteel and Sandouville entities are presented in the Group’s consolidated financial statements as operations in the process of being sold for the 2021 and 2022 financial years:

  • The sale of the Sandouville plant to Sibanye-Stillwater was closed in February 2022, for a net sale price of around €86m.

  • Regarding the divestment of Aubert & Duval, the transaction is expected to be completed at end-March, subject to the satisfaction of one last regulatory approval,

  • Regarding the divestment of Erasteel, Eramet has today been granted an exclusive put option from the Syntagma Capital fund. The transaction is expected to be completed in the months ahead, once the proposal has been submitted to employee representative bodies and the usual conditions precedent have been waived.

Aubert & Duval30,31

The global aerospace sector, which represents approximately 70% of A&D turnover, returned to pre-Covid crisis levels, leading to a strong increase in the subsidiary’s order book.

A&D turnover ended at €553m in 2022, up 12%, with a 30% increase for the aerospace sector, which posted €373m. Conversely, Energy and Defence sector sales declined by 16% to €123m.

Activity was strongly affected by the very sharp increases in energy costs, notably electricity (which cost more than doubled on average in 2022) and rising raw material costs with an impact on both EBITDA and FCF, in the absence of an automatic pass-through in commercial contracts.

As a result, EBITDA was negative at -€47m (slightly down vs. 2021) and the subsidiary’s cash consumption amounted to €220m, including disbursements as part of the divestment agreement.

Erasteel30

Erasteel’s turnover increased 48%, totalling €273m in 2022. Growth in sold volumes of high-speed steels was also supported by the positive impact of reinvoicing raw material and energy price increases to customers. Recycling activity (batteries and catalysts) also posted an increase of 7% to €21m.

As such, EBITDA almost doubled, ending at €23m in 2022.

The cash consumption of €14m for the year reflects the increase in working capital requirement (WCR), resulting from strong growth in activity and the increase in materials costs.

The high level of Erasteel’s order book enables the entity to face the first half of 2023 with confidence, despite the macroeconomic uncertainties weighing on its main markets.

  • Outlook

The climate of geopolitical and macroeconomic uncertainties and the inflationary context continue to weigh on all of the Group’s markets, with a trend reversal in demand and prices in line with Q4 2022. The latter is to a greater or lesser extent, depending on markets and regions. Stainless steel is expected to rebound while carbon steel should stabilise.

Strong uncertainties also remain regarding freight (with its costs significantly reduced currently, but which could rise again over the year, while remaining at lower levels than observed in 2022) as well as reducing agents and energy costs. The latter, which were down compared to 2022 at the start of this year, could remain at a historically high level, which would weigh on the performance of metallurgical activities. However, the Group continues to benefit from long-term supply contracts that cover approximately 80% of its electricity needs.

The Group is expected to invest nearly €600m in capex in 2023, excluding the operations in the process of being sold and excluding the share of the Lithium project financed by Tsingshan. On the one hand, this capital expenditure includes nearly €300m in current capex and, on the other, approximately €300m in organic growth capex. The latter is mainly intended to continue, but also to sustain growth in production and transport for ore in Gabon (around €200m), as well as to develop Phase 1 of the Lithium project in Argentina (around €50m).

Decisions will be made in 2023 on major growth projects, including Sonic Bay and Lithium Phase 2, which could lead to capex expenditure from 2023. The amount of this expenditure remains to be determined depending on the date of the decision.

As part of its strategic roadmap, Eramet is targeting new records:

  • More than 30 Mwmt of marketable nickel ore at Weda Bay, of which approximately 15 Mwmt of low-grade ore,

  • More than 7.5 Mt of manganese ore transported in Gabon, despite the loss of nearly one month's production (approximately 0.4 Mt) following the landslide on the railway.

Invoiced selling prices for manganese alloys should remain significantly below 2022 on average for the year, particularly in North America, while the consensus for average manganese ore prices is $5.2/dmtu.

The price of ferronickel should be set at a level slightly above the SMM NPI 8-12% index but well below the consensus for the LME nickel price. Consensus for the LME is $23,100/t for 202332. Domestic prices for nickel ore sold in Indonesia are indexed to the LME and change accordingly.

The €/$ exchange rate is expected at 1.0933 for 2023.

Based on the above production targets and price forecasts, and factoring in energy and reductant costs which remain high, the Group's adjusted EBITDA2 would be around €1.2bn in 2023, including the proportional contribution of Weda Bay.

Thanks to its solid fundamentals and the finalisation of its repositioning towards highly cash-generating Mining and Metals activities, the Group is focusing on the development of its projects to produce the metals required for the energy transition, and to meet the needs of this fast-growing market in the years to come.

Calendar

23.02.2023: 2022 annual results presentation

A live Internet webcast of the 2022 annual results presentation will take place on Thursday 23 February 2023 at 10:30 a.m. (Paris time), on our website: www.eramet.com. Presentation material will be available at the time of the webcast.

27.04.2023: Publication of 2023 first-quarter turnover

23.05.2023: Shareholders’ General Meeting

ABOUT ERAMET

Eramet transforms the Earth’s mineral resources to provide sustainable and responsible solutions to the growth of the industry and to the challenges of the energy transition.

Its employees are committed to this through their civic and contributory approach in all the countries where the mining and metallurgical group is present.

Manganese, nickel, mineral sands, lithium, and cobalt: Eramet recovers and develops metals that are essential to the construction of a more sustainable world.

As a privileged partner of its industrial clients, the Group contributes to making robust and resistant infrastructures and constructions, more efficient means of mobility, safer health tools and more efficient telecommunications devices.

Fully committed to the era of metals, Eramet’s ambition is to become a reference for the responsible transformation of the Earth’s mineral resources for living well together.

www.eramet.com

INVESTOR CONTACT

Director of Investor Relations

Sandrine Nourry-Dabi

T. +33 1 45 38 37 02

sandrine.nourrydabi@eramet.com

 

 

PRESS CONTACT

Media relations manager

Fanny Mounier

fanny.mounier@eramet.com

T. +33 7 65 26 46 83

Image 7

Marie Artzner

T. +33 1 53 70 74 31 | M. +33 6 75 74 31 73

martzner@image7.fr

Appendix 1: Reconciliation tables

2022 reported reconciliation table before IFRS 5

 

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2022

(in millions of euros)

Before IFRS 5 treatment

 

Aubert & Duval CGU

Erasteel CGU

Sandouville CGU

Restatements
and eliminations

Total discontinued operations

 

reported

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnover

5 851

 

553

273

11

 

837

 

5 014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

1 288

 

(50)

23

(2)

37

8

 

1 280

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

893

 

(71)

(111)

13

37

(132)

 

1 025

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income from dicontinued operations

 

 

(90)

(121)

13

42

(156)

 

(156)

2021 reported reconciliation table before IFRS 5

 

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2021

(in millions of euros)

Before IFRS 5 treatment

 

Aubert & Duval CGU

Erasteel CGU

Sandouville CGU

Restatements
and eliminations

Total discontinued operations

 

reported

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnover

4 499

 

493

184

154

 

831

 

3 668

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

751

 

(57)

12

(27)

40

(32)

 

784

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

545

 

(394)

17

19

26

(332)

 

879

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income from dicontinued operations

 

 

(488)

15

9

39

(426)

 

791

Appendix 2: Quarterly turnover (IFRS 5)

€ million1

Q4 2022

Q3 2022

Q2 2022

Q1 2022

FY 2022

FY 2021 Restated

Manganese BU

630

873

926

722

3,151

2,267

Manganese ore activity2

315

465

439

308

1,527

1,063

Manganese alloys activity2

316

407

487

414

1,624

1,204

Nickel BU3

331

300

409

352

1,392

1,046

Mineral Sands BU

142

99

134

90

465

349

Lithium BU

0

0

0

0

0

0

Holding, elim. and others

4

0

1

1

6

6

Eramet group
published IFRS 5 financial statements4

1,107

1,272

1,470

1,165

5,014

3,668

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 See financial glossary in Appendix 9.
3 Nickel BU excluding Sandouville (discontinued operation).
4 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel, which in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.

Appendix 2b: Reconciliation of quarterly turnover

€ million1

Q4 2022

Q3 2022

Q2 2022

Q1 2022

FY 2022

FY 2021 Restated

Eramet group
published IFRS 5 financial statements2

1,107

1,272

1,470

1,165

5,014

3,668

Aubert & Duval

153

122

137

141

553

493

Erasteel

72

63

74

64

273

184

Sandouville

0

0

0

11

11

154

Eramet group before IFRS 5

1,332

1,456

1,682

1,381

5,851

4,499

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel, which in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.

Appendix 3: Productions and shipments

In thousands of tonnes

H2 2022

Q4
2022

Q3
2022

H1 2022

Q2
2022

Q1
2022

FY 2022

FY 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

MANGANESE BU

Manganese ore and sinter production

3,915

1,854

2,061

3,624

1,862

1,762

7,539

7,024

Manganese ore and sinter transportation

3,782

1,734

2,048

3,385

1,765

1,620

7,167

6,544

External manganese ore sales

3,593

1,753

1,840

2,944

1,535

1,409

6,537

5,765

Manganese alloys production

296

132

164

381

193

188

677

747

Manganese alloys sales

356

166

190

342

186

156

698

716

 

 

 

 

 

 

NICKEL BU

Nickel ore production (in thousands of wet tonnes)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SLN

2,950

1,490

1,460

2,444

1,290

1,154

5,394

5,378

Weda Bay Nickel (100%) – marketable production (high-grade)

7,024

3,539

3,485

8,115

3,552

4,563

15,139

9,899



Ferronickel production – SLN



20.5



11.0



9.5



20.4



10.5



9.9



40.9



39.0



Low-grade nickel ferroalloys production – Weda Bay Nickel (kt of Ni content – 100%)

17.0

8.1

8.9

19.6

9.6

10.0

36.6

39.0



Nickel ore sales
(in thousands of wet tonnes)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SLN

1,558

982

576

1,462

830

632

3,020

2,949

Weda Bay Nickel (100%)

10,512

7,581

2,931

7,451

3,576

3,875

17,963

6,559



Ferronickel sales – SLN



21.3



10.7



10.6



20.0



10.8



9.2



41.3



39.2



Low-grade nickel ferroalloy sales – Weda Bay Nickel/Off-take Eramet (kt of Ni content)

7.3

3.2

4.1

8.5

4.2

4.3

15.8

15.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

MINERAL SANDS BU

Mineral Sands production

356

186

170

386

188

198

742

804

Zircon production

27

13

14

30

15

15

57

64

Titanium dioxide slag production

88

40

48

100

48

52

188

209

Zircon sales

28

14

14

31

16

15

59

63

Titanium dioxide slag sales

83

44

39

92

52

40

175

220


Appendix 4: Price and index

 

Q4 2022

H2 2022

H1 2022

FY 2022

Q4 2021

H2 2021

H1 2021

FY 2021

Chg. H2 2022 – H1 20228

Chg. 2022 – 20218

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MANGANESE BU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mn CIF China 44% ($/dmtu)1

4.40

5.14

6.79

5.97

5.61

5.49

5.06

5.27

-24%

+13%

Ferromanganese MC – Europe (EUR/t) 1

1,950

2,158

3,254

2,706

3,480

2,996

1,886

2,441

-34%

+11%

Silicomanganese – Europe (EUR/t) 1

1,163

1,205

1,739

1,472

1,709

1,607

1,191

1,399

-31%

+5%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NICKEL BU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ni LME ($/lb)2

11.50

10.75

12.51

11.63

8.99

8.83

7.93

8.38

-14%

+39%

Ni LME ($/t)2

25,349

23,702

27,575

25,638

19,818

19,472

17,485

18,478

-14%

+39%

SMM NPI Index ($/t)3

16,945

16,837

20,778

18,808

19,721

19,256

15,339

17,297

-19%

+9%

Ni ore CIF China 1.8% ($/wmt)4

105.3

107.1

124.8

116.0

121.1

115.4

95.4

105.4

-14%

+10%

HPM5 Nickel prices 1.8%/35% ($/wmt)

51

52

56

54

43

42

38

40

-8%

+35%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MINERAL SANDS BU

 

 

Zircon ($/t)6

2,100

2,150

2,035

2,093

1,780

1,655

1,338

1,496

+6%

+40%

CP-grade titanium dioxide ($/t)7

880

865

850

858

820

810

753

781

+2%

+10%

1 Quarterly average for market prices, Eramet calculations and analysis.
2 LME (London Metal Exchange) prices.
3 SMM NPI 8-12%.
4 CNFEOL (China FerroAlloy Online), “Other mining countries”.
5 Official index for domestic nickel ore prices in Indonesia.
6 Market and Eramet analysis (premium zircon), market prices in Q2 2022 were adjusted after analysis of additional transactions
7 Market analysis, Eramet analysis.
8 Eramet calculation rounded to the nearest decimal place.

Appendix 5: Performance indicators of continuing operations (IFRS 5)

€ million1

20222

2021
Restated2

Change (€m)

Change3 (%)

 

 

 

 

 

Manganese BU

Turnover

3,151

2,267

884

+39%

 

EBITDA

1,402

910

492

+54%

 

COI4

1,255

769

486

+63%

 

FCF

835

490

345

+70%

Activity
Mn ore5

Turnover

1,527

1,063

464

+44%

 

EBITDA

722

387

335

+87%

 

FCF

371

126

245

+194%

Activity
Mn alloys5

Turnover

1,624

1,204

420

+35%

 

EBITDA

680

522

158

+30%

 

FCF

464

364

100

+27%

Nickel BU

Turnover

1,392

1,046

346

+33%



Adjusted EBITDA6

EBITDA

430
86

266
113

164
(27)

+62%
-24%

 

COI

14

37

(23)

-62%

 

FCF

148

111

37

+33%

Mineral
Sands BU

Turnover

465

349

116

+33%

 

EBITDA

184

137

47

+34%

 

COI

140

94

46

+49%

 

FCF

105

108

(3)

-3%

Lithium BU

Turnover

0

0

n.a.

n.a.

 

EBITDA

(12)

(5)

(7)

n.a.

 

COI

(13)

(5)

(8)

n.a.

 

FCF

(175)

(24)

(151)

n.a.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holding, elim.

Turnover

6

6

0

n.a.

and others

EBITDA

(107)

(103)

(4)

n.a.

 

COI

(116)

(112)

(4)

n.a.

 

FCF

(89)

(159)

70

n.a.

 

 

 

 

 

 

GROUP total

Turnover

5,014

3,668

1,346

+37%

(IFRS5)3

Adjusted EBITDA6

EBITDA

1,897
1,553

1,204
1,051

693
502

+58%
+48%

 

COI

1,280

784

496

+63%

 

FCF

824

526

298

+57%

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel, which in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.
3 Data rounded to higher or lower %.
4 Current operating income (COI).
5 See financial glossary in Appendix 9.
6 Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted leverage are defined in the financial glossary in Appendix 9.

Appendix 5b: Performance indicators of operations in the process of being sold (IFRS 5)

€ million1

20222

2021
Restated2

Change (€m)

Change3 (%)

 

 

 

 

Aubert & Duval

Turnover

553

493

60

+12%

 

EBITDA

(47)

(44)

(3)

n.a.

 

COI4

(50)

(57)

7

n.a.

 

FCF

(220)

(124)

(96)

n.a.

Erasteel

Turnover

273

184

89

+48%

 

EBITDA

23

13

10

+77%

 

COI

23

12

11

+92%

 

FCF

(14)

(11)

(3)

n.a.

Sandouville

Turnover

11

154

(143)

-93%

 

EBITDA

(2)

(27)

25

n.a.

 

COI

(2)

(27)

25

n.a.

 

FCF

3

(48)

51

n.a.

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel, which in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.
3 Data rounded to higher or lower %.
4 Current operating income (COI).

Appendix 6: Sensitivities of Group adjusted EBITDA

Sensitivities

Change

Impact on adjusted EBITDA

Manganese ore prices
(CIF China 44%)

+$1/dmtu

c.€275m1

Manganese alloys prices

+$100/t

c.€60m1

Ferronickel prices - SLN

+$1/lb

c.€90m1

Nickel ore prices (CIF China 1.8%) - SLN

+$10/wmt

c.€35m1

Nickel ore prices (HPM nickel, 1.8%, 35% moisture) – Weda Bay

+$10/wmt

c.€90m1

Exchange rate

-$/€0.1

c.€220m

Oil price per barrel (Brent)

+$10/bbl

c.€(20)m1

1 For an exchange rate of $/€1.09

Appendix 7 - 2018-2023 CSR roadmap progress

Commitment to people

Indicator

2018

2022

2023 x
Target

1 - Ensure the Health and Safety of employees and subcontractors

FR2 incident rate / # of fatalities

8.3 / 1

1.6 / 0 ü

<4 / 0

2 - Build skills and promote talent and career development

% of employees trained per year

71%

85%

100%

3 - Strengthen employee engagement

Employees engagement rate

67%

n.a.2

>75%

4 - Integrate and foster the richness of diversity

% of women managers

22%

26%

30%

5 - Be a valued and contributing partner to our host communities

% of sites engaging with local stakeholders
% of sites having implemented investment programme to contribute to local communities

Ref. Year

100% ü

100%

 

 

 

 

 

Commitment to economic responsibility

 

 

 

 

6 - Be an energy transition leader in the metals sector

Diversification in projects related to EV batteries

Ref. Year

þ

þ

7 - Actively contribute to the development of the circular economy

Low-grade ore and tailings recovered

Ref. Year

2,311 Mt ü

2 Mt

Waste recovered

Ref. Year

185 kt ü

10 kt

8 - Be a reference company in terms of respect for human rights

Mature Level in the Shift reporting for the expectations of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs)

Ref. Year

þ

þ

9 - Be an ethical partner of choice

% of S&P1 teams trained on anti-corruption

Ref. Year

100% ü

100%

10 - Be a responsible company of reference in the M&M sector

% of high-risk suppliers / customers aligned with Eramet’s CSR commitments

Ref. Year

90% / 99%

100%

 

 

 

 

 

Commitment to the planet

 

 

 

 

11 - Reduce our atmospheric emissions

t ducted dust emitted by industrial facilities

Ref. Year

(69)%

(80)%

12 - Protect water resources and accelerate the rehabilitation
of our mining sites by fostering biodiversity

Ratio of rehabilitated areas to cleared areas (cumulated over the period 2019-2023)

Ref. Year

1.2 ü

>1

13 - Reduce our energy and climate footprint

tCO2/t outgoing product

Ref. Year

(40)% ü

(26)%

1 Sales & Purchasing teams
2 No survey performed in 2022, last one performed in 2021 with 70% engagement rate
ü 2023 target already reached in 2022
þ Performance in line to reach 2023 target

Appendix 8: Performance indicators

Operational performance by division

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

Operations Department

Holding and

Total

High

 

 

Total

 

Manganese

Nickel

Sand

Lithium

other eliminations,

of continuing

performance

Sandouville

Eliminations

continuing

 

 

 

Minerals

 

and others

operations

Alloys

 

 

and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

discontinued

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FY 2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnover

3 151

1 392

465

-

6

5 014

826

11

 

5 851

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

1 402

86

184

(12)

(107)

1 553

(24)

(2)

37

1 564

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

1 255

14

140

(13)

(116)

1 280

(27)

(2)

37

1 288

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow generated by operating activities

1 124

-

157

(23)

(142)

1 116

(146)

5

16

991

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Industrial investments (intangible assets and property, plant & equipment)

273

85

52

109

11

530

63

-

 

593

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FY 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnover

2 267

1 046

349

-

6

3 668

677

154

 

4 499

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

910

113

137

(5)

(103)

1 051

(32)

(27)

38

1 031

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

769

37

94

(5)

(112)

784

(45)

(27)

38

751

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow generated by operating activities

728

39

129

(20)

(164)

713

(84)

(42)

58

644

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Industrial investments (intangible assets and property, plant & equipment)

244

35

21

5

7

312

46

6

 

364

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnover and investments by region

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

France

Europe

North

China

Other

Oceania

Africa

South

Total

 

 

 

America

 

Asia

 

 

America

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales (destination of sales)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial year 2022

313

1 215

294

1 057

1 261

76

128

670

5 014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial year 2021

253

966

657

604

985

57

115

31

3 668

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Industrial investments (intangible assets and property, plant & equipment)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial year 2022

9

50

13

1

-

84

263

110

530

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial year 2021

9

42

2

-

-

35

219

5

312

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated performance indicators – Income statement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

Financial year

Financial year

 

 

2022

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnover

5 014

3 668

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

1 553

1 051

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortisation and depreciation of non-current assets

(271)

(259)

 

Provisions for liabilities and charges

(2)

(8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

1 280

784

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Impairment of assets)/reversals

(221)

117

 

Other operating income and expenses

(34)

(22)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

1 025

879

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial income (loss)

(89)

(111)

 

Share of income from associates

258

121

 

Income taxes

(264)

(98)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income from continuing operations

930

791

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income from discontinued operations (1)

(156)

(426)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income for the period

774

365

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- Attributable to non-controlling interests

34

67

 

- Attributable to Group share

740

298

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share (in euros)

25,81

10,42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Pursuant to IFRS 5 – "Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, the Sandouville, Erasteel and Aubert & Duval CGUs are shown as discontinued operations.

Consolidated performance indicators – Net financial debt flow table

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

Financial year

Financial year

 

2022

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

1 553

1 051

Cash impact of items below EBITDA

(326)

(258)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow from operations

1 227

793

 

 

 

Change in WCR

(111)

(80)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow generated by operating operations (A)

1 116

713

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Industrial investments

(530)

(312)

Other investment cash flows

238

125

 

,

 

 

 

 

Net cash flows from investing activities of continuing operations (B)

(292)

(187)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flows from financing activities of continuing operations

80

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impact of fluctuations in exchange rates and others

(49)

(25)

Acquisition of IFRS 16 rights of use

(26)

(10)

 

 

 

Change in the net financial debt of continuing operations before taking into account flows with discontinued operations

829

512

 

 

 

Net cash flow from continuing operations carried out with discontinued operations(1)

(236)

(114)

 

 

 

Change in net financial debt of continuing operations

593

398

 

 

 

Change in net financial debt of discontinued operations before taking into account flows with continuing operations

(213)

(125)

 

 

 

Net cash flow from discontinued operations carried out with continuing operations(2)

236

114

 

 

 

Change in net financial debt of discontinued operations

23

(11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Increase)/Decrease in net financial debt

616

387

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opening (net financial debt) of continuing operations

(936)

(1 378)

Opening (net financial debt) of discontiued operations

(54)

N/A

Closing (net financial debt) of continuing operations

(344)

(936)

(Net financial debt) of discontinued operations

(31)

(54)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Free Cash Flow (A) + (B)

824

526

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Pursuant to IFRS 5 – "Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, the Sandouville, Erasteel and Aubert & Duval CGUs are shown as discontinued operations.

(2) In 2022, the amounts relate mainly to investment cash flows from discontinued operations by the continuing operations

Consolidated performance indicators – Balance sheet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

31 december

31 december

 

 

2022

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

3 122

3 083

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories

724

577

 

Customers

369

375

 

Suppliers

(424)

(403)

 

Simplified Working Capital Requirements (WCR)

669

549

 

Other items of WCR

(201)

(233)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Working Capital Requirements (WCR)

468

316

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives

62

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets held for sale(1)

714

651

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

4 366

4 050

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

31 december

31 december

 

 

2022

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity – Group share

1 781

1 012

 

Non-controlling interests

464

323

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity

2 245

1 335

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents and other current financial assets

(1 660)

(1 176)

 

Loans

2 004

2 112

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net financial debt

344

936

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee-related liabilities and provisions

814

899

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net deferred tax

226

184

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives

-

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities associated with assets held for sale(1)

737

685

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

4 366

4 050

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Pursuant to IFRS 5 “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, the assets and liabilities of Aubert et Duval and Erasteel CGUs are shown in the consolidated balance sheet at 31 December 2022 as assets held for sale.

Appendix 9: Financial glossary

Consolidated performance indicators

The consolidated performance indicators used for the financial reporting of the Group’s results and economic performance and presented in this document are restated data from the Group’s reporting and are monitored by the Executive Committee.

Turnover at constant scope and exchange rates

Turnover at constant scope and exchange rates corresponds to turnover adjusted for the impact of the changes in scope and the fluctuations in the exchange rate from one financial year to the next. The scope effect is calculated as follows: for the companies acquired during the financial year, by eliminating the turnover for the current period and for the companies acquired during the previous period by integrating, in the previous period, the full-year turnover; for the companies sold, by eliminating the turnover during the period considered and during the previous comparable period. The exchange rate effect is calculated by applying the exchange rates of the previous financial year to the turnover for the financial year under review.

EBITDA (“Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation”)

Earnings before financial revenue and other operating expenses and income, income tax, contingencies and loss provision, and amortisation and impairment of property, plant and equipment and tangible and intangible assets.

Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is presented to provide a better understanding of the underlying operating performance of the Group's activities. Adjusted EBITDA corresponds to EBITDA including Eramet's share of the EBITDA of significant joint ventures accounted for using the equity method in the Group's financial statements.

As of December 31, 2022, EBITDA was adjusted to include the proportional EBITDA of PT Weda Bay Nickel, a company in which Eramet owns a 38.7% indirect interest. Eramet owns a 43% interest in Strand Minerals Pte Ltd, the holding owning 90% of PT Weda Bay Nickel, which is booked in the Group’s consolidated financial statements under the equity method.

A reconciliation with Group EBITDA is provided in Note 4 to the Group's consolidated financial statements.

Adjusted leverage

Adjusted leverage is defined as net debt (on a consolidated basis) to adjusted EBITDA (as defined above), as PT Weda Bay did not have any external debt at the end of the 2021 and 2022 financial years.

However, in the future, should other significant joint ventures restated for adjusted EBITDA have external debt, net debt will be adjusted to include Eramet's share in the external debt of the joint ventures (“adjusted net debt”). Adjusted leverage would then be defined as adjusted net debt to adjusted EBITDA, in compliance with a fair and economic approach to Eramet’s debt.

Manganese ore activity

Manganese ore activity corresponds to Comilog's mining activities (excluding the activity of the Moanda Metallurgical Complex, “CMM”, which produces manganese alloys) and Setrag's transport activities.

Manganese alloys activity

Manganese alloys activity corresponds to the plants that transform manganese ore into manganese alloys. It includes the three Norwegian plants comprising Eramet Norway (“ENO”, i.e., Porsgrunn, Sauda, and Kvinesdal), Eramet Marietta (“EMI”) in the United States, Comilog Dunkerque (“CDK”) in France and the Moanda Metallurgical Complex (“CMM”) in Gabon.

Manganese ore FOB cash cost

The FOB (“Free On Board”) cash cost of manganese ore is defined as all production and overhead costs (R&D including exploration geology, administrative expenses, sales expenses, overland transport expenses), which cover all stages of ore extraction through to shipping to the port of shipment and loading, and which impact the EBITDA in the company's financial statements, over tonnage sold for a given period. This cash cost does not include sea transport or marketing costs. Conversely, it includes the mining taxes and royalties from which the Gabonese state benefits.

SLN’s cash cost

SLN’s cash cost is defined as all production and overhead costs (R&D including exploration geology, administrative expenses, logistical and commercial expenses), net of by-products credits (including exports and nickel ore) and local services, which cover all the stages of industrial development of the finished product until delivery to the end customer and which impact the EBITDA in the company’s financial statements, over tonnage sold.

Appendix 10: Footnotes


1 In accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1
2 Definition of adjusted EBITDA, the Group’s new Alternative Performance Indicator, presented in the financial glossary in Appendix 9
3 TRIR (total recordable injury rate) = number of lost time and recordable injury accidents for 1 million hours worked (employees and sub-contractors)

4 Audit procedures for the 2022 consolidated financial statements have been completed. The certification report will be released after the Board of Directors’ meeting held on 21 March 2023, which will set the draft shareholders‘ resolutions.
5 See financial glossary in Appendix 9
6 Reduction in net debt of €616m, before application of the IFRS 5 standard
7 Includes €29m linked to Setrag transport activity other than Comilog’s ore (€37m in 2021)
8 Unless otherwise indicated, market data corresponds to Eramet estimates based on World Steel Association production data
9 Unless otherwise indicated, price data corresponds to the average for market prices, Eramet calculations and analysis; manganese ore price index: CRU CIF China 44% spot price; manganese alloys price indices: CRU Western Europe spot price
10 See financial glossary in Appendix 9. Cash cost calculated excluding sea transport and marketing costs
11 Export duties and proportional mining royalties
12 SLN, ENI and others
13 Unless otherwise indicated, market data corresponds to Eramet estimates
14 High Pressure Acid Leach
15 Nickel Pig Iron
16 Class I: produced with a nickel content above or equal to 99%; Class II: produced with a nickel content below 99%
17 LME: London Metal Exchange; SHFE: Shanghai Futures Exchange
18 SMM NPI 8-12% index
19 Source: CNFEOL (China FerroAlloy Online)
20 For nickel ore with 1.8% nickel content and 35% moisture content. Indonesian prices are set according to domestic market conditions, but with a monthly price floor based on the LME, in compliance with a government regulation published in April 2020.
21 See financial glossary in Appendix 9
22 MHP: Mixed Hydroxide Precipitate
23 Unless otherwise indicated, price data corresponds to the average for market prices, Eramet calculations and analysis; Source Zircon premium (FOB prices): Market and Eramet analysis; Source CP slag (FOB prices): Market and Eramet analysis
24 Titanium dioxide slag, ilmenite, leucoxene and rutile
25 c.90% of titanium-based end-products
26 Source: Argus, thermal coal spot price, ARA, Europe
27 Source: Fastmarkets – Battery-grade Lithium Carbonate price CIF Asia
28 LCE: Lithium Carbonate equivalent
29 Includes royalties and logistics costs
30 Unless otherwise indicated, the figures mentioned are restated in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”
31 Aubert & Duval and others, excluding EHA
32 Consensus of main market analysts
33 Bloomberg forecast consensus as of 31/01/2023 for the year 2023

 

Attachment